We are delighted to share the news that the inaugural Marshall McLuhan Centenary Fellowship in Digital Sustainability will be awarded to Prof. Ian Milligan, assistant professor of digital and Canadian history at the University of Waterloo. Between July 2016 and June 2017, Prof. Milligan will be collaborating with researchers at the DCI, visiting the DCI and the iSchool […]
One of our articles just received a Highly Commended Award from the Emerald Literati Network: Christoph Becker, Luis Faria, Kresimir Duretec (2015). Scalable decision support for digital preservation: an assessment, OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, Vol. 31 Iss: 1, pp.11 – 34 [link] [pdf] This follows last year’s “Highly Commended” award for the […]
Community Maps and Engagement: Lessons from designing a “Green Map” Dawn Walker Time and place: Semaphore Demo Room, Robarts first floor (1150), Tuesday, April 19, 9.30am With the increase in urban agriculture and environmental groups focused on addressing pressing issues they see in their communities, the opportunity exists to better understand what technical barriers individuals face […]
Call for Applications: The Marshall McLuhan Centenary Fellowship in Digital Sustainability at the Digital Curation Institute The DCI is calling for applications for a one-year funded Fellowship in the area of ‘digital sustainability’. Applications are due by April 20, 2016 (see below). Sustainability – the capacity to endure – has become a crucial concern of our data-intensive […]
Join us for a talk and discussion with Prof. Unmil Karadkar at the Semaphore Demo Room at Robarts Library on March 17 , 4pm-5pm: Abstract In this talk, I will present two examples of projects that exemplify my research agenda, which synthesizes information-centered studies of scholarly work practices and user experience-centered studies for designing and evaluating software. […]
We are pleased to be presenting our recent work on RDM at the 11th International Digital Curation Conference in Amsterdam. Identifying RDM drivers, gaps and opportunities: A baseline assessment Our study is a joint effort between researchers from the Digital Curation Institute and members of the University of Toronto Libraries (UTL) RDM Working Group, who are presently […]
In association with the DCI lecture on October 29, Prof. Ian Milligan is offering a 2-hour hands-on workshop on web archive visualization on October 30.
This workshop uses the Canadian Political Parties and Political Interest Group collection to trace the web archiving workflow from collection development to analytics. Beginning with an introduction from Nicholas Worby, Government Information & Statistics Librarian at the University of Toronto’s Robarts Library, on the Archive-It dashboard and collections development process, attendees will learn about how web archiving happens from the perspective of a librarian. With Ian Milligan, a professor of digital history from the University of Waterloo, we then move into the process of accessing, downloading, and interpreting web archival data, from the UK Web Archive’s Shine portal (allowing faceted, n-gram style searches) to the warcbase platform for text and link analysis.
All software used will be open source, and will include warcbase, Shine, and Gephi.
Time and place: Friday, October 30, 10am-noon at the Semaphore Demo Room in Robarts Library, University of Toronto (room 1150).
Participation is open and free, but you need to register by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org!
How to find it:
The sheer amount of social, cultural, and political information that is generated and, crucially, preserved every day presents new exciting opportunities to historians. A large amount of this information is being contained within web archives, which contain billions of web pages. Scholars broaching topics dating back to the mid-1990s will find their projects enhanced by web data – military historians can use forum posts by soldiers, social historians can track aspects of everyday life through blogs and comments, political historians can study changing sentiment, tropes, and link structures, and economic historians can explore the rise and fall of businesses webpages. Yet this tremendous opportunity is mitigated to some degree by the sheer challenge of dealing with all that data: we have more information than ever before, but the scale is overwhelming.
We have several common tensions, however, beyond basic ones of having enough storage and computational power to deal with all of this information. I will focus on two. The first is that while historians largely want to work with content, technological limitations push us towards rich metadata. The second is that without basic understanding of the conceptual structure of the web archive, from crawl structure to the biases, we can generate wildly misleading results – a problem for historians with most digitized sources.
In this talk, I explore these tensions as they have played out over three case studies that I have studied: the Internet Archive’s March-December 2011 Wide Web Scrape (WARC files), the 2009 GeoCities end-of-life torrent (a wget-compiled collection of mirrored websites), and the 2005-Present Archive-It collections of Canadian political parties, unions, and organizations (WAT files, which contain derivative data). For each archive, I briefly discuss the usage, technical, and ethical challenges that such collections present for historians: problems of too much data, processing time, and the difficulties in applying cutting-edge natural language processing.
Ian Milligan is an assistant professor of digital and Canadian history at the University of Waterloo. There, he is principal investigator of the web archives for historical research group (https://uwaterloo.ca/web-archive-group/), which is supported by an Ontario Early Researcher Award and SSHRC. Milligan serves as a co-editor of the Programming Historian (programminghistorian.org). He has published several articles looking at the impact of born-digital sources on historians and has a forthcoming co-authored book, Exploring Big Historical Data: The Historians’ Macroscope on digital methods with Imperial College Press. His first book, Rebel Youth: 1960s Labour Unrest, Young Workers, and New Leftists in English Canada, appeared in 2014.
The lecture takes place at 16:00-17:30 on Thursday, 29th of October 2015, in Room 728 (7th floor) at the iSchool, Bissell Building, 140 St. George Street.
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) (“the Agencies”) recently released a Draft Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management that is worth reading. It is good to see movement on this in Canada, and […]
Digital Objects, Networked Experiences wins Best Poster award at the iSchool PhD Research Days 2015 Congratulations to Emily Maemura, PhD student at the iSchool and researcher at the Digital Curation Institute! The poster is rather tricky to appreciate online, as you can see below – click the image for a large version. It plays with the […]